The Somnath temple is also known as the Deo Patan (the indestructible temple) situated in Veraval in Saurashtra on the western shore of Gujarat, India. The temple is one of the 12 jyotirlingas. It is a crucial pilgrimage and tourist place in Gujarat. Reconstructed and remodeled many times in the past after continuous demolition by various Muslim invaders and rulers, the existing mandir was rebuilt in the Chaulukya style of Hindu temple architecture and finalized in May 1951. The temple began constructed again with the orders of the Home Minister of India “Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel” and was completed after his death. Presently the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi is the chairman of Somnath Mandir trust.
According to belief, the Shivalinga in Somnath is one of the 12 jyotirlingas in India, where Shiva is thought to have arisen as a fiery pillar of light. The jyotirlingas are taken as the supreme, united existence out of which Shiva partly arises.
There is a fascinating tale linked with Somnath Temple. It is assumed that Moon God (who was denounced for favoring one of his wives) prayed to Bhagwan Shiva at the same site of the temple. Bhagwan Shiva emerged before penancing Moon-god and liberated him from the curse. Moon recouped his radiance and Somnath became a holy site for the Shaivites. Another story states that the first temple of Somnath was constructed in gold by the Moon-god (Soma), silver by the Sun god (Ravi) and in wood by Shri Krishna.
In May 1951, Rajendra Prasad, the first President of the Republic of India, invited by K M Munshi, conducted the inauguration ritual for the shrine. The President explained in his address, “It is my view that the reconstruction of the Somnath Temple will be finished on that day when not only an extraordinary structure will emerge on this foundation, but the tower of India’s success will be that prosperity of which the historical temple of Somnath was a symbol.”He added: “The Somnath temple resembles the power of reconstruction is always bigger than the power of destruction.