Sri Bhramaramba Mallikarjuna Temple, commonly known as Srisailam Temple, Andhra Pradesh, is the second Jyotirlinga of Shiva. The temple is located on a hilltop by the Krishna river. One of the holy sites of 12 jyotirlingas, Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga is in Mallikarjuna Swamy Temple and is devoted to both Bhagwan Shiva and his consort Mata Parvati. Malikarjuna Temple is revered as both a jyotirlinga (sacred representation of Prabhu Shiva) and a shaktipeeth (sacred shrines where the dissever body parts of Shakti fell).
Bhagwan Shiva and his consort Mata Parvati decided that their sons Ganesha or Kartikeya should get married but could not make up their mind as to which of them should get married first. So, to determine who would be first, they decided to set a contest for the two: whoever would go travel around the world first would be the winner. Kartikeya instantly embarked on his mount, the peacock. On the other hand, Ganesha encircled his parents and said that they were the world to him. It is said that encircling one’s parents is identical to going around the world. So, he outmaneuvered his brother and won the race. This pleased Prabhu Shiva and Mata Parvati and they married their son off to Siddhi (spiritual powers) and Riddhi (prosperity). Some legends also say that Buddhi (intellect) is believed to be his wife too.
When Kartikeya returned and heard about this, he became upset and decided that he would not marry. (However, in some Tamil legends he is said to have two wives.) He left and went to live in Mount Krauncha. Bhagwan Shiva and Mata Parvati visited him there and since then it is considered a holy place. The shrine there has a linga for Shiva and a Shakti Peetha for Parvati.
Many rulers gave a hand to the building and maintenance of the Mallikarjuna Swamy temple. The first documentation emerged in 1 AD in the books of the Shathavahanas empire builders.
Eventually, Ikshvakus, Chalukyas, Pallavas, and Reddis, also the followers of the Mallikarjuna Swami, lend a hand for the contribution to the temple. The Vijayanagara Empire and Chhatrapati Shivaji individually worked towards improving the shrine and temple (building the gopuram in 1667 AD).
Worship was stopped here during the Mughal rule and the temple was destroyed in the ages of Nizam but resumed during the British rule. However, it was only after independence that this temple became well known.
In this temple, Bhagwan Shiva is mentioned as one of the twelve Jyotirlingas. This temple is known as one of the Paadal Petra Sthalam. It is believed that having darshan in this temple brings wealth and fame.
On the way to the main temple, there is a temple known as the Shikreshwar temple. It is believed that by worshiping in the temple one attains moksha.
Here Patal Ganga is named after Krishna River. Devotees have to go down 852 stairs to reach the river. Shiva Linga is bathed through this river water.