Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu 623526, India
Dedicated to

Deity Posture

Architecture Style


Paṇḍya Dynasty

Completed on

12th Century

About Ramanathaswamy Temple

Ramanathaswamy Temple (Irāmanātasvāmi Kōyil) is devoted to Bhagwaan Shiva situated on Rameshwaram Island in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It is one of the twelve Jyotirlinga temples. The temple was enlarged during the 12th century by Pandya Dynasty, and its primary shrines sanctum were restored by Jayaveera Cinkaiariyan and his heir Gunaveera Cinkaiariyan of the Jaffna Kingdom. The temple has the biggest corridor among all Hindu temples in India. This temple is in Rameshwaram and it is considered a sacred pilgrimage location for Shaivites, Vaishnavites and Smarthas. The supervising deity, the Lingam of Ramanathaswamy (Shiva), was ascertained and adored by Bhagwaan Rama before crossing his bridge to Lanka.


The Construction

The temple began building in the 12th century; nevertheless, it was finished much later, during the rule of several rulers. Rameshwaram Temple is popular for encompassing one of the twelve Jyotirlingas (lingam of light) of Bhagwaan Shiva. The shrine is also credited for being the southernmost ‘jyotirlinga’ of India. It is assumed that at this spot Bhagwaan Rama showed his gratitude to Bhagwaan Shiva.

The Lingam of Ramanathaswamy is the main deity of Rameswaram Temple. The sacred importance of this temple has made it, one of the most visited temples of India. Rameshwaram (South) is one of the four crucial pilgrimage locations of Hindus, the other being Puri (East), Dwarka (West) and Badrinath (north). The central shrine cherishes the idols of Viswanatha Naicker and Krishnama Naicker.

In the internal area of the Ramalingeshwara, Ramalingam and Vishvalingam are positioned side by side. Protecting the words of Bhagwaan Rama, Vishvalingam is adored before Ramalingam. Maha Shivarathri, Thirukalyanam, Mahalaya Amavasai and Thai Amavasai are the main festivals that are commemorated with devotion and fervour.



Ramanathaswamy Temple is closely associated with the great epic Ramayana. As per the tale, Bhagwaan Rama adored Bhagwaan Shiva here, on his successful and victorious return from Sri Lanka. As the story goes, Sages (Rishis) advised Bhagwaan Rama (along with Sita and Lakshmana) to establish and worship the ‘Shivalingam’ at this place, to restore the sin of Brahmahatya (killing of a Brahmin). Bhagwaan Rama endorsed the idea and remedied a favourable time for the establishment of Shivalingam.

He sent Bhagwaan Hanuman (Anjaneya) to procure a ‘lingam’ from Mount Kailash. Bhagwaan Hanuman could not return in time and the time is not there to lose. Understanding the situation, Sita herself created a ‘linga’ of sand and Bhagwaan Rama established the same. When Hanuman came back with the ‘linga’, the proper procedures of the establishment were over. Bhagwaan Rama comforted the unhappy Hanuman and established his lingam (Visvalingam) next to Ramalinga. He improved the sanctity of lingam by ordaining that the rituals would be made first to the Visvalingam.

Twenty Two Wells
Ramanathswamy Temple has twenty-two wells in it. Being the major enticement of this temple, the wells are also identified with their various properties. All of these wells have water of distinct taste, temperature, salinity and have remedial properties as well. It is said that these wells were created by Bhagwaan Rama himself when he fired arrows in the sand.



There are various shrines for Ramanathaswamy and his consort goddess Parvathavardhini distinguished by a corridor. There are several shrines for the goddess Vishalakshi, the utsava images, sayanagriha, Vishnu and Ganesha. There are numerous halls inside the temple, namely Anuppu Mandapam, Sukravara Mandapam, Setupati Mandapam, Kalyana Mandapam, and Nandi Mandapam.

Architecture of Ramanathaswamy Temple


How to reach Ramanathaswamy Temple?

By Train: All the major routes are covered by the trains and it is well connected to many parts of the nation.
By Air: The nearest airport to Rameshwaram is Madurai Airport, which is around 149 km from the city. Tuticorin Airport is also located at a distance of 142 km.
By Bus: Regular bus services are regulated by the local transport association to various other cities and places.

Ramanathaswamy Temple Timings

Rameswaram Temple Timings

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Ramanathaswamy Temple on Map

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