Parabrahma Upanishad

Parabrahma Upanishad is attached to the Atharvaveda and is one of the  20 Sannyasa (renunciation) Upanishads. The Parabrahma Upanishad primarily describes the tradition of the sacred thread and topknot hair tuft worn by householders and why both are abandoned by Sannyasi after they have renounced for monastic lifestyle in the Hindu Ashrama system. The text asserts that knowledge is the inner sacrificial string of the renouncers, and knowledge is their true topknot. These wandering monks consider Brahman (unchanging, ultimate reality) as their inner  “supreme string on which the entire universe is strung like pearls on a string”.  This repeated emphasis on knowledge and the abandonment of external dress and rituals in exchange for the inner equivalent of Atman-Brahman in this medieval era text is similar to those in the ancient Upanishads.  

The text is notable for its repeated and extended discussion of why Sannyasis renounce topknot and sacred thread they wear as householders. Their hair tuft and thread is no longer external, but internal, states the text, in the form of knowledge and their awareness of Atman-Brahman that threads the universe into unified oneness.  

 The Parabrahma Upanishad links Bramha to the consciousness of man when he is awake,  Vishnu to his consciousness in dreaming state, Maheshvara (Shiva) to his consciousness in deep sleep, and Brahman as the Turiya, the fourth state of consciousness. The Upanishad calls those who merely have a mass of hair for topknot and visible sacred string across their chest as “pseudo-Brahmin” with hollow symbols, who aren’t acquiring spiritual self-knowledge. 

This section is under Construction.

Share On

Parabrahma Upanishad Chapters

Famous Shloka from Parabrahma Upanishad

More Granths to explore

Manu-smriti, (Sanskrit: “Laws of Manu” or “The Remembered Tradition of Manu”)also called Manava-dharma-shastra (“The Dharma Text of Manu”), traditionally the most...
Agni Purana has 15,400 verses. Contains encyclopedic information. Includes geography of Mithila (Bihar and neighboring states), cultural history, politics, education system,...
Available in - Hardcopy, Softcopy
10,000 verses. Sometimes also called Adi Purana, because many Maha Puranas lists put it first of 18. The text has 245...
It has 12,000 verses. One of the earliest composed Puranas, it contains a controversial genealogical details of various dynasties. Includes Lalita...
17,000 verses. Discusses Shiva, Parvati, Ganesha, Devis, Vishnu, Krishna, and Radha. Primarily philosophy, love, and emotional stories of gods and goddesses....
Garuda Purana has 19,000 verses. An encyclopedia of diverse topics. Primarily about Vishnu, but praises all gods. Describes how Vishnu, Shiva...
The text is named after the tortoise avatar of Vishnu. The critical edition of the Kurma Purana has 95 chapters. Tradition...
The text’s title Linga refers to the iconography of Shiva. The text presents cosmology, mythology, seasons, festivals, geography, a tour guide...
 The text’s title Markandeya refers to sage Markandeya, who is the central character in two legends, one linked to Shiva and...

Join Brahma

Learn Sanatan the way it is!