The Bhagavad Gita often referred to as the Gita, is a 700-verse scripture that is part of the epic Mahabharata (chapters 23–40 of Bhishma Parva), commonly dated to the second century BCE. The Gita is set in a narrative framework of a dialogue between Pandava prince Arjuna and his guide and charioteer Krishna.
At the start of the Dharma Yuddha(righteous war) between Pandavas and Kauravas, Arjuna is filled with moral dilemma and despair about the violence and death the war will cause in the battle against his own kin. He wonders if he should renounce and seeks Krishna’s counsel, whose answers and discourse constitute the Bhagavad Gita. Krishna counsels Arjuna to “fulfil his Kshatriya (warrior) duty to uphold the Dharma” through “selfless action”.
The Krishna–Arjuna dialogues cover a broad range of spiritual topics, touching upon ethical dilemmas and philosophical issues that go far beyond the war Arjuna faces. The Bhagavad Gita presents a synthesis of Hindu ideas about dharma, theistic Bhakti and the yogic ideals of moksha. The text covers jnana, Bhakti, karma, and Raja Yoga(spoken of in the 6th chapter) incorporating ideas from the Samkhya-Yoga Philosophy.