Yuksom is a small village located in the West Sikkim district of India. It is the starting point for the popular trekking route to Goechala, and is also the historic site where the first King of Sikkim was crowned in 1641. It is known for its natural beauty, with the majestic Kanchenjunga peak, the sacred lake of Dubdi and a number of beautiful waterfalls in the surrounding hills.
Yuksom has a deep-rooted history attached to it, as it is believed to be the site of the coronation of the first Chogyal (king) of Sikkim in 1641. This ceremony was attended by three holy lamas from Tibet, Bhutia, Lepcha and Limbu representatives, thus giving Yuksom the title of the “Cradle of Sikkimese Civilization”. It was also the starting point for a number of important pilgrimages in the region, including the Dzongri trek and the famous Kanchenjunga trek. In the present day, Yuksom is an important tourist destination in Sikkim and serves as the base for trekking expeditions in the region. The village is also home to numerous monasteries and sacred sites.
Things to do in Yuksom
- Trekking: Yuksom is the gateway to the famous Dzongri and Goecha La treks. The trek from Yuksom to Dzongri offers spectacular views of the snow-clad Himalayan peaks such as Kanchenjunga, Pandim and Sinolchu. The trek is usually done over a period of 6-7 days and is a moderate to difficult trek.
- Camping: Yuksom is a popular destination for camping. There are several campsites available in the area, ranging from basic to luxurious. Camping in Yuksom is a great way to explore the area and get close to nature.
- Bird Watching: Yuksom is home to a variety of birds, including species like the beautiful Asian Emerald Cuckoo, the rare Yellow-rumped Honeyguide, the handsome Blue-throated Barbet and many more. Bird watching in Yuksom is a great way to spend your time and observe some of these beautiful creatures in their natural habitat.
- Visit Norbugang Chorten: Located in Yuksom, Norbugang Chorten is a significant pilgrimage site for Buddhists in Sikkim. It is believed to be the site of the consecration of the first Chogyal of Sikkim in 1641. The Chorten has ancient paintings, statues and carvings, and is surrounded by an array of prayer flags that add to its beauty.
- Visit Dubdi Monastery: Dubdi Monastery is one of the oldest monasteries in Sikkim, and is located in Yuksom. It was built in 1701 and is a popular pilgrimage site for Buddhists. The monastery, which is perched atop a hill, offers stunning views of the surrounding mountains and valleys.
The Yuksom kingdom is located in the western part of Sikkim, a state in the Himalayan mountain range in India. It is the first capital of Sikkim and is the traditional seat of the Chogyal, the Buddhist royal family. The kingdom is made up of three main ethnic groups: the Lepchas, the Bhutias and the Limbus.
The Lepchas are the indigenous people of Sikkim, while the Bhutias migrated from Tibet in the thirteenth century. The Limbus are of Tibeto-Burmese origin and are believed to have migrated in the sixteenth century. Each of these tribes have their own culture and customs.
- The Lepchas are traditionally agriculturalists and have a distinct language and culture. The Bhutias are Buddhist and have a rich culture of music, dance and literature. The Limbus are also Buddhists and are known for their traditional craftsmanship, especially in the manufacture of bamboo products and jewelry. The people of Yuksom are friendly and welcoming. They share a strong sense of community and a strong belief in their traditions and customs.
- The Bhutia are the second major tribe in the Yuksam area. They are of Tibetan origin, and are mainly involved in trade, livestock herding, and farming.
- The Limbu are the third major tribe in the Yuksam area. They are of Mongoloid origin, and they mainly engage in agriculture and animal husbandry. They are also known for their traditional weaving and handicrafts.
Famous places to visit in Yuksom
- Khecheopalri Lake: Also known as “the Lake of Wish-fulfilling Gods”, this sacred lake is a popular pilgrimage destination for Buddhists in Sikkim.
- Dubdi Monastery: Dubdi Monastery is the oldest and the most sacred monastery in Sikkim and is located at an altitude of 7000 feet above sea level.
- Norbugang Chorten: This chorten is the holiest of all religious sites in Sikkim. It was built in 1735 by the first Chogyal of Sikkim - Chador Namgyal in honor of Guru Padmasambhava.
- Tashiding Monastery: This monastery is located on a hilltop and is home to many Buddhist monks. It is believed that the monastery was founded by the 8th Gyalwa Karmapa Lama in the 17th century.
- Mount Kanchenjunga: Mount Kanchenjunga is the third-highest mountain in the world and is considered to be a holy mountain. It is located in the northeastern part of Sikkim.
- Bakhim: Bakhim is a small village located at the foothills of the Himalayas. It is a popular destination for trekkers, offering breathtaking views of the Kanchenjunga peak.
Famous foods to eat in Yuksom
- Thupka: Thupka is a traditional Tibetan-style noodle soup. It is usually served with vegetables and a variety of spices. The soup is made with noodles, vegetables, and broth and is typically seasoned with garlic, ginger, and chili.
- Momos: Momos are steamed dumplings made with wheat or rice flour and filled with a variety of vegetables, meat, and cheese. They are typically served with a spicy sauce.
- Churpi: Churpi is a cheese that is popular in the Sikkim region. It is made from yak or cow’s milk and is often eaten with tea or chutney.
- Sel Roti: Sel roti is a traditional Nepali sweet made from a variety of flour, sugar, and spices. It is shaped into a ring or disc and deep-fried.
- Gundruk: Gundruk is a traditional Nepali dish made from fermented vegetables. It is usually served with rice and dal.
- Sha Phaley: Sha Phaley is a deep-fried pastry with a filling of minced meat, onion, and spices.
- Phing: Phing is a traditional Tibetan dish made with buckwheat noodles, vegetables, and pork.
- Gyuma: Gyuma is a popular Tibetan sausage made from beef or yak meat, mixed with spices and herbs.
- Kapse: Kapse is a type of Tibetan deep-fried bread, made with wheat flour and served with a variety of curries and sauces.
Offbeat places to visit in yuksom
Do's and Don't in Yuksom
- Take an experienced guide with you for trekking and sightseeing in Yuksom.
- Try the local delicacies and cuisines of the region.
- Wear comfortable, non-restrictive clothing while trekking.
- Carry essential items like a first-aid kit, flashlight and a map of the region.
- Respect the local culture and customs. 6. Dispose of your trash responsibly.
- Do not litter in the vicinity of Yuksom.
- Do not disturb or harm the wildlife of the region.
- Do not attempt any adventure activities without proper guidance or equipment.
- Do not consume alcohol in public places.
- Do not engage in any activities that cause pollution.
Yuksom is a beautiful village in the Indian state of Sikkim. It is known for its stunning scenery, cultural heritage, and religious significance. It is also the starting point for treks to the popular destinations of Goechala and Dzongri. Visitors to the area can enjoy trekking, bird watching, camping, and exploring the quaint Tibetan-style villages. The natural beauty and peacefulness of Yuksom make it a great destination for travelers looking to experience the beauty of the Himalayas.
1. What is Yuksom?
Yuksom is a small hamlet located in the Geyzing subdivision of West Sikkim district in the Indian state of Sikkim. It is surrounded by lush green forests, snow-capped mountains, and beautiful lakes. It is at an elevation of 5,830 feet and is the starting point for trekking to the famous Kanchenjunga peak.
2.How to reach Yuksom?
The nearest airport to Yuksom is Bagdogra Airport in West Bengal, which is about 120 km from Yuksom. The nearest railway station is located at Siliguri, which is about 135 km from Yuksom. You can hire a taxi or a jeep from Siliguri or Gangtok to reach Yuksom.
3.What are the best places to visit in Yuksom?
The best places to visit in Yuksom are: Kanchenjunga National Park, Dubdi Monastery, Norbugang Chorten, Khecheopalri Lake, Tashiding Monastery, Sinon Monastery and the Yuksom Market.
4.What are the popular attractions in Yuksom?
Popular attractions in Yuksom include the Dubdi Monastery, the Rabdentse Palace ruins, the Norbugang Chorten, and the Tashiding Monastery. Other attractions include the Kitsam and Khamdong monasteries, the Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary, and the beautiful views of Mount Kanchendzonga and other peaks in the area.