This is a part of Dharmashastras and considered as Shukracharya's System of Morals. It is a treatise on the science of governance, structured towards upholding the morals through implementing theories of political science. The code is authored by Shukracharya also known as Usanas and claimed to be originated during Vedic Period.
Usana Smriti, also known as Usana Dharma Shastra or Usana Samhita, is a Hindu legal text that is part of the Dharma Shastra tradition. It is attributed to the sage Usana (also spelled as Usanas or Usanasa), who is considered one of the ancient seers and scholars of Hinduism. Usana Smriti deals with various aspects of dharma (righteousness) and provides guidelines and rules for individuals and society to follow. The text covers a wide range of topics including social, moral, and legal principles, as well as rituals, customs, and duties of individuals in different stages of life. It addresses topics such as marriage, inheritance, property rights, criminal law, civil law, and ethical conduct. Usana Smriti is considered an important source for understanding the ancient legal and social practices of Hindu society. It should be noted that there are multiple versions and recensions of Usana Smriti, and the exact content may vary between them. The text is studied by scholars and individuals interested in understanding the ancient Hindu legal and ethical traditions. Within the pages of Usana Smriti, a wide range of subjects is covered, shedding light on social norms, moral values, and legal principles. It offers guidance on various aspects of human life, including marriage, inheritance, property rights, criminal and civil laws, and ethical behavior. The text presents a detailed framework of duties and responsibilities for individuals based on their stage of life, reinforcing the importance of upholding righteousness in personal and societal affairs. It is worth noting that different versions and recensions of Usana Smriti exist, leading to variations in content and emphasis. Scholars and enthusiasts study these texts to gain insights into the historical legal practices, societal norms, and ethical codes prevalent in ancient Hindu society. By exploring Usana Smriti, one can deepen their understanding of the intricate tapestry of Hindu legal and ethical traditions, and the principles that guided human conduct in bygone eras.