Theory of Knowledge
What is knowledge?
In Sanatan Dharma, knowledge is considered to be the path to spiritual liberation or moksha, which is the ultimate goal of human existence. The pursuit of knowledge is seen as a lifelong journey that requires humility, self-discipline, and devotion to the divine.
Three forms of Knowledge in Sanatan Dharma
Knowledge of the scriptures,
knowledge of the self
knowledge of the divine
Atma Jnana and Brahma Jnana
The knowledge of the self, or "Atma Jnana," is considered to be the most important form of knowledge, as it is the key to understanding the ultimate reality and achieving spiritual liberation. This knowledge involves an awareness of the true nature of the self, which is seen as divine and eternal, and the realization that it is distinct from the body, mind, and senses. The knowledge of the divine, or "Brahma Jnana," involves an understanding of the ultimate reality, the divine, or God, as an all-pervading, eternal, and unchanging presence that exists beyond the material world.
What is Nyay Sutra?
The Nyaya Sutras are a collection of aphorisms on the Indian school of logic and philosophy known as Nyaya. The Nyaya school of thought was founded by the sage Gautama (also known as Akshapada), who is traditionally considered to be the author of the Nyaya Sutras.
The Nyaya Sutras consist of five books, or Adhikaranas, each of which is further divided into smaller sections or sutras. The sutras are concise and precise statements that outline the key principles and concepts of the Nyaya system of philosophy.