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Maramma

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Maramma is a Hindu goddess worshipped by the Lambani tribe, an indigenous community of Karnataka, India. The goddess is revered as the protector of the tribe, and her worship is associated with fertility and rain. Maramma is believed to be a manifestation of the Hindu goddess Durga.

Story/Legend:

The legend behind Maramma's worship goes back centuries. According to the folklore, the Lambani tribe was once plagued by a severe drought, which resulted in crop failure and famine. The tribe approached the local ruler seeking help, but their pleas went unheard. Desperate for relief, the tribe turned to their ancestral deity, Maramma, for help.

It is said that Maramma heard their prayers and appeared before the tribe as a fierce warrior goddess. She is believed to have vanquished their enemies and brought rain to the parched lands, ensuring the survival of the tribe. Ever since then, the Lambani tribe has worshipped Maramma as their protector and provider.

Religious Aspect:

Maramma is believed to be a manifestation of the Hindu goddess Durga. She is depicted as a fierce warrior goddess, wielding weapons and riding a lion. The goddess is associated with fertility, rain, and protection, and her worship is considered vital for the well-being and prosperity of the Lambani community.

Description:

Maramma is typically depicted as a fierce warrior goddess, with multiple arms holding weapons such as a sword, a trident, and a bow. She is also depicted riding a lion, which symbolizes her strength and fearlessness. The goddess is often depicted wearing red clothes and adorned with jewellery and flowers.

Cultural importance:

Maramma is an integral part of the Lambani community's cultural identity. Her worship is associated with fertility and protection, and her blessings are sought for a bountiful harvest, good health, and prosperity. The goddess is worshipped through various rituals and offerings, including the sacrifice of goats and the lighting of lamps.

Festivals:

The Lambani tribe celebrates the annual festival of Maramma, known as "Maramma Habba," with great fervour and devotion. The festival typically falls during the months of April and May and is marked by colourful processions, feasting, and music.

Conclusion:

Maramma is a Hindu goddess worshipped by the Lambani tribe in Karnataka, India. Her worship is associated with fertility, rain, and protection, and her blessings are sought for the well-being and prosperity of the community. The goddess is revered as a fierce warrior goddess and is an integral part of the Lambani community's cultural identity.

References:

"Lambani Tribes in India." Cultural India. Accessed 3 April 2023. https://www.culturalindia.net/indian-tribes/lambani-tribes.html.

"Maramma Habba." Karnataka.com. Accessed 3 April 2023. https://www.karnataka.com/festivals/maramma-habba/.

FAQs:

Q: Who worships Maramma? A: Maramma is worshipped by the Lambani tribe, an indigenous community of Karnataka, India.

Q: What is Maramma associated with? A: Maramma is associated with fertility, rain, and protection.

Q: What is the legend behind Maramma's worship? A: According to the folklore, Maramma helped the Lambani tribe during a severe drought by vanquishing their enemies and bringing rain to the parched lands.

Q: How is Maramma depicted? A: Maramma is depicted as a fierce warrior goddess, with multiple arms holding weapons such as a sword, a trident, and a bow. She is also depicted riding a lion, which symbolizes her strength and fearlessness. The goddess is often depicted wearing red clothes and adorned with jewellery and flowers.

Q: What is the significance of the Maramma Habba festival? A: The Maramma Habba festival is a celebration of the goddess Maramma, and it is marked by colourful processions, feasting, and music. It is an important cultural event for the Lambani community and is believed to bring blessings and prosperity to the community.

Q: Is Maramma worshipped only by the Lambani community? A: Yes, Maramma is primarily worshipped by the Lambani tribe. However, her worship has spread to other parts of Karnataka, and some Hindu communities also worship her as a manifestation of the goddess Durga.

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धर्म एव हतो हन्ति धर्मो रक्षति रक्षितः ⁠। तस्माद् धर्मं न त्यजामि मा नो धर्मो हतोऽवधीत् ⁠।⁠।⁠

dharm ev hato hanti dharmo rakshati rakshitah । tasmaaddharmo na hantavyo ma no dharmo hatovadheet ।।

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ॐ पूर्णमदः पूर्णमिदं पूर्णात्पूर्णमुदच्यते । पूर्णस्य पूर्णमादाय पूर्णमेवावशिष्यते ॥ ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः ॥

Om Purnamadah Purnamidam Purnat Purnamudachyate। Purnasya Purnamadaya Purnamevavashisyate॥ Om Shanti Shamti Shanti॥

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पिता धर्मः पिता स्वर्गः पिता हि परमं तपः। पितरि प्रीतिमापन्ने प्रीयन्ते सर्वदेवताः॥

Pita swarga,Pita dharm ,Pita hi Param Tapo। Pitori pritima pannay, Priyantay sarva devata॥

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प्रथमेनार्जिता विद्या, द्वितीयेनार्जितं धनं । तृतीयेनार्जितः कीर्तिः,चतुर्थे किं करिष्यति ॥

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alasasy kuto vidyaa , avidyasy kuto dhanam । adhanasy kuto mitram , amitrasy kutah sukham ॥

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एकवर्णं यथा दुग्धं भिन्नवर्णासु धेनुषु। तथैव धर्मवैचित्र्यं तत्त्वमेकं परं स्मृतम्॥

ekavarnan yathaa dugdham bhinnavarnaasu dhenushu। tathaiv dharmvaichitryan tattvmekan paran smriatam॥

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नीरक्षीरविवेके हंस आलस्यम् त्वम् एव तनुषे चेत्। विश्वस्मिन् अधुना अन्य: कुलव्रतं पालयिष्यति क:।।

nirakshiraviveke hans aalasyam tvam ev tanushe chet। vishvasmin adhunaa any: kulavratan paalayishyati k:।।

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उत्तरं यत्समुद्रस्य हिमाद्रेश्चैव दक्षिणम् । वर्षं तद् भारतं नाम भारती यत्र संततिः ।।

Uttaraṃ yatsamudrasya himādreścaiva dakṣiṇam varṣaṃ tadbhārataṃ nāma bhāratī yatra santatiḥ

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अग्निशेषमृणशेषं शत्रुशेषं तथैव च | पुन: पुन: प्रवर्धेत तस्माच्शेषं न कारयेत् ||

agnisheshamriansheshan shatrusheshan tathaiv ch | punah: punah: pravardhet tasmaachsheshan n kaaryet ||

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अपहाय निजं कर्म कृष्णकृष्णोति वादिनः । ते हरेर्द्वेषिनः पापाः धर्मार्थ जन्म यध्धरेः ॥

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