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Background

Sarakka

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Sarakka is a goddess worshiped by the Kuruba tribe, which is primarily found in the Indian state of Karnataka. She is considered to be the goddess of the hunt, rain, and fertility, and is believed to have the power to protect the tribe from natural disasters, including droughts and floods.

Story/Legend

According to legend, Sarakka was born to the god Shiva and the goddess Parvati, and was later adopted by the Kuruba tribe. As a goddess, she is often depicted as a beautiful young woman carrying a bow and arrow, and is said to have the ability to control the weather and bring rain to the land. Her association with hunting is also believed to have originated from her ability to protect the Kuruba people from wild animals.

Religious Aspect

The Kuruba people worship Sarakka with great devotion and hold a number of festivals and rituals in her honor throughout the year. They believe that by pleasing Sarakka, they will be blessed with good fortune and protection from harm. Sarakka is also seen as a symbol of unity and strength, and her worship is often associated with the well-being and prosperity of the Kuruba tribe.

Description

Sarakka is often depicted as a beautiful young woman with a bow and arrow. She is believed to have the power to control the weather and bring rain to the land. In some depictions, she is also shown riding a lion, which is considered to be her vehicle. The bow and arrow she carries represent her association with hunting and protection.

Cultural importance

Sarakka holds a significant cultural importance among the Kuruba people. Her worship is often seen as a way to maintain the unity and strength of the tribe, and to ensure the well-being and prosperity of its members. Many Kuruba families have their own personal shrines dedicated to Sarakka, where they offer prayers and perform rituals.

Festivals

The Kuruba people hold a number of festivals and rituals in honor of Sarakka throughout the year. One of the most important festivals is the Sarakka Jatra, which is celebrated in the month of March or April. During this festival, a large procession is held in honor of the goddess, with devotees carrying her idol on a palanquin through the streets. Other festivals associated with Sarakka include the Gudiyamma festival, which is held in January, and the Kargudi festival, which is held in February.

Conclusion

Sarakka is a powerful and revered goddess worshiped by the Kuruba tribe in Karnataka. Her association with hunting, rain, and protection has made her a symbol of unity and strength among the Kuruba people. Her worship is believed to bring good fortune and protection from harm, and her festivals and rituals are an important part of Kuruba culture and tradition.

References

FAQs

Q: What is Sarakka's association with hunting? A: Sarakka is believed to have the ability to protect the Kuruba people from wild animals, which has led to her association with hunting.

Q: What is the significance of the Sarakka Jatra festival? A: The Sarakka Jatra festival is one of the most important festivals associated with Sarakka. It is celebrated in the month of March or April, and involves a large procession in honor of the goddess, with devotees carrying her idol on a palanquin through the streets.

Q: What other festivals are associated with Sarakka? A: Other festivals associated with Sarakka include the Gudiyamma festival, which is held in January, and the Kargudi festival, which is held in February.

Q: What is the cultural importance of Sarakka? A: Sarakka holds a significant cultural importance among the Kuruba people. Her worship is seen as a way to maintain the unity and strength of the tribe, and to ensure the well-being and prosperity of its members.

Q: What is Sarakka's association with rain? A: Sarakka is believed to have the power to control the weather and bring rain to the land, which has led to her association with fertility and agriculture.

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धर्म एव हतो हन्ति धर्मो रक्षति रक्षितः ⁠। तस्माद् धर्मं न त्यजामि मा नो धर्मो हतोऽवधीत् ⁠।⁠।⁠

dharm ev hato hanti dharmo rakshati rakshitah । tasmaaddharmo na hantavyo ma no dharmo hatovadheet ।।

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ॐ पूर्णमदः पूर्णमिदं पूर्णात्पूर्णमुदच्यते । पूर्णस्य पूर्णमादाय पूर्णमेवावशिष्यते ॥ ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः ॥

Om Purnamadah Purnamidam Purnat Purnamudachyate। Purnasya Purnamadaya Purnamevavashisyate॥ Om Shanti Shamti Shanti॥

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पिता धर्मः पिता स्वर्गः पिता हि परमं तपः। पितरि प्रीतिमापन्ने प्रीयन्ते सर्वदेवताः॥

Pita swarga,Pita dharm ,Pita hi Param Tapo। Pitori pritima pannay, Priyantay sarva devata॥

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प्रथमेनार्जिता विद्या, द्वितीयेनार्जितं धनं । तृतीयेनार्जितः कीर्तिः,चतुर्थे किं करिष्यति ॥

Prathame Narjita Vidya, Dvitiye Narjitam Dhanam । Trtiye Narjitam Punyam, Caturthe Kim Karisyati ॥

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अलसस्य कुतो विद्या ,अविद्यस्य कुतो धनम् । अधनस्य कुतो मित्रम् ,अमित्रस्य कुतः सुखम् ॥

alasasy kuto vidyaa , avidyasy kuto dhanam । adhanasy kuto mitram , amitrasy kutah sukham ॥

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एकवर्णं यथा दुग्धं भिन्नवर्णासु धेनुषु। तथैव धर्मवैचित्र्यं तत्त्वमेकं परं स्मृतम्॥

ekavarnan yathaa dugdham bhinnavarnaasu dhenushu। tathaiv dharmvaichitryan tattvmekan paran smriatam॥

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नीरक्षीरविवेके हंस आलस्यम् त्वम् एव तनुषे चेत्। विश्वस्मिन् अधुना अन्य: कुलव्रतं पालयिष्यति क:।।

nirakshiraviveke hans aalasyam tvam ev tanushe chet। vishvasmin adhunaa any: kulavratan paalayishyati k:।।

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उत्तरं यत्समुद्रस्य हिमाद्रेश्चैव दक्षिणम् । वर्षं तद् भारतं नाम भारती यत्र संततिः ।।

Uttaraṃ yatsamudrasya himādreścaiva dakṣiṇam varṣaṃ tadbhārataṃ nāma bhāratī yatra santatiḥ

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अग्निशेषमृणशेषं शत्रुशेषं तथैव च | पुन: पुन: प्रवर्धेत तस्माच्शेषं न कारयेत् ||

agnisheshamriansheshan shatrusheshan tathaiv ch | punah: punah: pravardhet tasmaachsheshan n kaaryet ||

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अपहाय निजं कर्म कृष्णकृष्णोति वादिनः । ते हरेर्द्वेषिनः पापाः धर्मार्थ जन्म यध्धरेः ॥

aphaay nijan karm kriashnakriashnoti vaadinah । te harerdveshinah paapaaah dharmaarth janm yadhdhreah ॥

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